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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Radium vs Magnesium

Compare Radium and Magnesium

Compare Radium and Magnesium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Radium vs Magnesium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ra vs Mg on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Radium
88
Ra
226
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
7
s
[Rn] 7s2
700 °C
1737 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-14-4
Neighborhood Elements of Radium
Magnesium
12
Mg
24.305
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s2
650 °C
1090 °C
2, 8, 2
CAS7439-95-4
Neighborhood Elements of Magnesium

History

History
The element Radium was discovered by Pierre Curie in year 1898 in France. Radium derived its name from from the Latin radius, 'ray'
The element Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black in year 1755 in United Kingdom. Magnesium derived its name derived its name from from Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
N/A
N/A
N/A
9.9×10-12%
1×10-15%
1×10-13%
0.0006
0.0007
0.12
0.029
0.0013
0.00027

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

N/A
45.2 cm3
N/A
N/A
20
radium Spectrum
514.8, 514.8, 514.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

radium Crystal Structure
145 pm
13.984464902186 cm3
130 pm
173 pm
0.063
magnesium Spectrum
320.94, 320.94, 521.08 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

magnesium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
88
88
88
226
138
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 8, 2
[Rn] 7s2
7s2
 2
1S0
radium Shells
12
12
12
24.305
12.305
2, 8, 2
[Ne] 3s2
3s2
 1;2
1S0
magnesium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
24Mg, 25Mg, 26Mg.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
0.9
N/A
509.3, 979 kJ/mol
2
1.31
0 kJ/mol
737.7, 1450.7, 7732.7, 10542.5, 13630, 18020, 21711, 25661, 31653, 35458 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5 g/cm3
45.2

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
1×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

19 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A
1.738 g/cm3
13.984464902186

 

45 GPa
17 GPa
45 GPa
0.29


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
260 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

160 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.9×10-9
1.68×10-10
1.2e-05

 

N/A

 

4602 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

700 °C
1737 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
125 kJ/mol
N/A
650 °C
1090 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.7 kJ/mol
128 kJ/mol
-668 J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-14-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
EU231-122-4
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-95-4
N/A
4.1
2950
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

472 °C
500 °C

Compare With Other Elements