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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Platinum vs Yttrium

Compare Platinum and Yttrium

Compare Platinum and Yttrium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Platinum vs Yttrium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Pt vs Y on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
CAS7440-06-4
Neighborhood Elements of Platinum
Yttrium
39
Y
88.90585
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1526 °C
3345 °C
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
CAS7440-65-5
Neighborhood Elements of Yttrium

History

History
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year 1794 in Finland. Yttrium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A
7×10-7%
1×10-6%
1.9e-06
2.9e-05
1.3×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure
212 pm
19.880556797853 cm3
162 pm
N/A
1.28
yttrium Spectrum
364.74, 364.74, 573.06 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

yttrium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells
39
39
39
88.90585
49.90585
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
4d1 5s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
yttrium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
89Y.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol
3
1.22
29.6 kJ/mol
600, 1180, 1980, 5847, 7430, 8970, 11190, 12450, 14110, 1.84×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s
4.472 g/cm3
19.880556797853

 

64 GPa
26 GPa
41 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
N/A
589 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
1.3

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000106 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.66×10-8
5.921×10-9
0.0002978

 

N/A

 

3.3×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A
1526 °C
3345 °C
N/A
1.3

 

11.4 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-65-5
RTECSZG2980000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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