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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Platinum vs Sodium

Compare Platinum and Sodium

Compare Platinum and Sodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Platinum vs Sodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Pt vs Na on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
CAS7440-06-4
Neighborhood Elements of Platinum
Sodium
11
Na
22.98977
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s1
97.72 °C
883 °C
2, 8, 1
CAS7440-23-5
Neighborhood Elements of Sodium

History

History
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'
The element Sodium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Sodium derived its name derived its name from from the English word soda (natrium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A
2e-05
4e-05
0.0055
0.023
0.011
0.0014

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure
190 pm
23.749762396694 cm3
154 pm
227 pm
0.53
sodium Spectrum
429.06, 429.06, 429.06 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

sodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells
11
11
11
22.98977
11.98977
2, 8, 1
[Ne] 3s1
3s1
-1  1
2S1/2
sodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
23Na.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol
1
0.93
52.8 kJ/mol
495.8, 4562, 6910.3, 9543, 13354, 16613, 20117, 25496, 28932, 141362 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s
0.968 g/cm3
23.749762396694

 

10 GPa
3.3 GPa
6.3 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
0.69 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
0.000071 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
8.8×10-9
2×10-10
8.5×10-6

 

N/A

 

3.2×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A
97.72 °C
883 °C
2573 K
N/A

 

2.6 kJ/mol
97.7 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-23-5
RTECSVY0686000
4.3
1428
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

115 °C
4 °C