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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Vanadium

Compare Phosphorus and Vanadium

Compare Phosphorus and Vanadium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Vanadium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs V on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Vanadium
23
V
50.9415
Solid
Silver
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1910 °C
3407 °C
2, 8, 11, 2
CAS7440-62-2
Neighborhood Elements of Vanadium

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Vanadium was discovered by Andrés Manuel del Río in year 1801 in Mexico and Sweden. Vanadium derived its name derived its name from from Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
1e-06
4e-07
6.1e-05
0.00019
1.5×10-7%
3×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
171 pm
8.3373977086743 cm3
125 pm
N/A
5.06
vanadium Spectrum
303, 303, 303 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

vanadium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
23
23
23
50.9415
27.9415
2, 8, 11, 2
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
3d3 4s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
vanadium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
51V.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
5
1.63
50.6 kJ/mol
650.9, 1414, 2830, 4507, 6298.7, 12363, 14530, 16730, 19860, 22240, 24670, 29730, 32446, 86450, 94170, 1.023×105, 1.127×105, 1.216×105, 1.307×105, 1.434×105, 151440 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
6.11 g/cm3
8.3373977086743

 

128 GPa
47 GPa
160 GPa
0.37


 

7 MPa
628 MPa
628 MPa

 

5×106 S/m
2×10-7 m Ω
5.4

 

31 W/(m K)
8.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.28×10-8
3.199×10-9
0.0003837

 

N/A

 

4560 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
1910 °C
3407 °C
N/A
5.4

 

22.8 kJ/mol
453 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-62-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A