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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Phosphorus vs Iridium

Compare Phosphorus and Iridium

Compare Phosphorus and Iridium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Phosphorus vs Iridium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare P vs Ir on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Phosphorus
15
P
30.973761
Solid
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
44.2 °C
280.5 °C
2, 8, 5
CAS7723-14-0
Neighborhood Elements of Phosphorus
Iridium
77
Ir
192.217
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
2466 °C
4428 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
CAS7439-88-5
Neighborhood Elements of Iridium

History

History
The element Phosphorus was discovered by Hennig Brand in year 1669 in Germany. Phosphorus derived its name from from the Greek word phoosphoros, 'carrying light'
The element Iridium was discovered by Smithson Tennant in year 1803 in France and United Kingdom. Iridium derived its name derived its name from from Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7e-06
7e-06
0.0011
0.00099
7×10-6%
0.011
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
5.4e-07
4×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

98 pm
16.990543609435 cm3
106 pm
180 pm
0.18
phosphorus Spectrum
1145, 550.3, 1126.1 pm
1.25384, 1.57725, 1.24896
P-1
2

Simple Triclinic

phosphorus Crystal Structure
180 pm
8.5202570921986 cm3
137 pm
N/A
425
iridium Spectrum
383.9, 383.9, 383.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

iridium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
15
15
15
30.973761
15.973761
2, 8, 5
[Ne] 3s2 3p3
3s2 3p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
phosphorus Shells
77
77
77
192.217
115.217
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
5d7 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8;9
4F9/2
iridium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
31P.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
191Ir, 193Ir.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.19
72 kJ/mol
1011.8, 1907, 2914.1, 4963.6, 6273.9, 21267, 25431, 29872, 35905, 40950 kJ/mol
6
2.2
151 kJ/mol
880, 1.6×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.823 g/cm3
16.990543609435

 

N/A
N/A
11 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×107 S/m
1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

0.236 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.13×10-8
-3.5×10-10
-2.06e-05

 

1.001212

 

N/A
22.56 g/cm3
8.5202570921986

 

528 GPa
210 GPa
320 GPa
0.26


 

6.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1670 MPa

 

2.1×107 S/m
4.7×10-8 m Ω
0.11

 

150 W/(m K)
6.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.67×10-9
3.21×10-10
3.77e-05

 

N/A

 

4825 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

44.2 °C
280.5 °C
N/A
N/A

 

0.64 kJ/mol
12.4 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)
2466 °C
4428 °C
N/A
0.11

 

26 kJ/mol
560 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7723-14-0
{N/A, RTECSTH3495000, RTECSTH3500000, N/A}
{N/A, 4.1, 4.2, N/A}
"N/A", {1338}, {1381, 2447}, "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, 4, N/A}
{N/A, 2, 2, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-88-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A