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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Oxygen vs Niobium

Compare Oxygen and Niobium

Compare Oxygen and Niobium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Oxygen vs Niobium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare O vs Nb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Oxygen
8
O
15.9994
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p4
-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
2, 6
CAS7782-44-7
Neighborhood Elements of Oxygen
Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium

History

History
The element Oxygen was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1774 in Sweden and United Kingdom. Oxygen derived its name from from the Greek word oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming'
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.01
0.009
0.4
0.46
0.86
0.61
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

48 pm
11.19622113366 cm3
73 pm
152 pm
0.00028
oxygen Spectrum
540.3, 342.9, 508.6 pm
π/2, 2.313085, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

oxygen Crystal Structure
198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
8
8
8
15.9994
7.9994
2, 6
[He] 2s2 2p4
2s2 2p4
-2;-1  1;2
3P2
oxygen Shells
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
16O, 17O, 18O.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
3.44
141 kJ/mol
1313.9, 3388.3, 5300.5, 7469.2, 10989.5, 13326.5, 71330, 84078 kJ/mol
5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.429 g/l
11.19622113366

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02658 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.335×10-6
4.27184×10-8
1.90772×10-6

 

1.000271

 

317.5 m/s
8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-218.3 °C
-182.9 °C
154.59 K
N/A

 

0.222 kJ/mol
3.41 kJ/mol
N/A
2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7782-44-7
RTECSRS2060000
2.2
1073
N/A
0
Oxidizing Agent
3
2

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A