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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Osmium vs Neptunium

Compare Osmium and Neptunium

Compare Osmium and Neptunium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Osmium vs Neptunium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Os vs Np on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Osmium
76
Os
190.23
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
8
iron family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
3033 °C
5012 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 14, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Osmium
Neptunium
93
Np
237
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
644 °C
4×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 22, 9, 2
CAS7439-99-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neptunium

History

History
The element Osmium was discovered by Smithson Tennant in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Osmium derived its name from from the Greek osmè, meaning 'smell'
The element Neptunium was discovered by Edwin McMillan in year 1940 in United States. Neptunium derived its name derived its name from from Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3×10-7%
2×10-7%
6.6e-07
1.8×10-7%
N/A
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

185 pm
8.4209827357238 cm3
128 pm
N/A
15
osmium Spectrum
273.44, 273.44, 431.73 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

osmium Crystal Structure
175 pm
11.58924205379 cm3
N/A
N/A
180
neptunium Spectrum
666.3, 472.3, 488.7 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Pnma
62

Simple Orthorhombic

neptunium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
76
76
76
190.23
114.23
2, 8, 18, 32, 14, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d6 6s2
5d6 6s2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7;8
5D4
osmium Shells
93
93
93
237
144
2, 8, 18, 32, 22, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
5f4 6d1 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
6L11/2
neptunium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
184Os, 187Os, 188Os, 189Os, 190Os, 192Os.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

6
2.2
106.1 kJ/mol
840, 1.6×103 kJ/mol
6
1.36
N/A
604.5 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

22.59 g/cm3
8.4209827357238

 

N/A
222 GPa
N/A
0.25


 

7 MPa
N/A
3920 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8.1×10-8 m Ω
0.66

 

88 W/(m K)
5.1×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6×10-10
1.1×10-10
1.4e-05

 

N/A

 

4940 m/s
20.45 g/cm3
11.58924205379

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

8.3×105 S/m
1.2×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

6 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

3033 °C
5012 °C
N/A
0.66

 

31 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A
644 °C
4×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10 kJ/mol
335 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-04-2
RTECSRN1100000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
N/A
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-99-8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A