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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nitrogen vs Strontium

Compare Nitrogen and Strontium

Compare Nitrogen and Strontium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nitrogen vs Strontium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare N vs Sr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen
Strontium
38
Sr
87.62
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
5
s
[Kr] 5s2
777 °C
1382 °C
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
CAS7440-24-6
Neighborhood Elements of Strontium

History

History
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
The element Strontium was discovered by William Cruickshank (chemist) in year 1790 in United Kingdom. Strontium derived its name derived its name from from Strontian, a small town in Scotland

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026
4×10-6%
5×10-6%
8.7e-06
0.00036
8.1e-06
4.6e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure
219 pm
33.315589353612 cm3
192 pm
N/A
1.2
strontium Spectrum
608.49, 608.49, 608.49 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

strontium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells
38
38
38
87.62
49.62
2, 8, 18, 8, 2
[Kr] 5s2
5s2
 1;2
1S0
strontium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
84Sr, 86Sr, 87Sr, 88Sr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol
2
0.95
5.03 kJ/mol
549.5, 1064.2, 4138, 5.5×103, 6910, 8760, 10230, 1.18×104, 1.56×104, 1.71×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s
2.63 g/cm3
33.315589353612

 

N/A
6.1 GPa
N/A
0.28


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

7.7×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000225 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.32×10-9
1.16×10-10
3.47×10-6

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A
777 °C
1382 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8 kJ/mol
137 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-24-6
N/A
4.2
1383
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A