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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nitrogen vs Carbon

Compare Nitrogen and Carbon

Compare Nitrogen and Carbon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nitrogen vs Carbon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare N vs C on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nitrogen
7
N
14.0067
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
15
nitrogen family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p3
-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
2, 5
CAS7727-37-9
Neighborhood Elements of Nitrogen
Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon

History

History
The element Nitrogen was discovered by Daniel Rutherford in year 1772 in United Kingdom. Nitrogen derived its name from from the Greek word nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming'
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.001
0.001
0.0014
2e-05
5e-07
0.026
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

56 pm
11.196402877698 cm3
75 pm
155 pm
1.91
nitrogen Spectrum
386.1, 386.1, 626.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

nitrogen Crystal Structure
67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
7
7
7
14.0067
7.0067
2, 5
[He] 2s2 2p3
2s2 2p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
nitrogen Shells
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
14N, 15N.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
3.04
7 kJ/mol
1402.3, 2856, 4578.1, 7475, 9444.9, 53266.6, 64360 kJ/mol
4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.251 g/l
11.196402877698

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.02583 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.4×10-9
-1.5×10-10
-6.8×10-9

 

1.000298

 

333.6 m/s
2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-210.1 °C
-195.79 °C
126.21 K
N/A

 

0.36 kJ/mol
2.79 kJ/mol
N/A
3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7727-37-9
RTECSQW9700000
2.2
1977
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A