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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Xenon

Compare Niobium and Xenon

Compare Niobium and Xenon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Xenon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Xe on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Xenon
54
Xe
131.293
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
CAS7440-63-3
Neighborhood Elements of Xenon

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Xenon was discovered by William Ramsay in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Xenon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek xenos, meaning 'strange'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
1×10-6%
N/A
N/A
2×10-9%
5×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
108 pm
22.253050847458 cm3
130 pm
216 pm
25
xenon Spectrum
620.23, 620.23, 620.23 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

xenon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
54
54
54
131.293
77.293
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
5s2 5p6
 2;4;6;8
1S0
xenon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
6
2.6
0 kJ/mol
1170.4, 2046.4, 3099.4 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
5.9 g/l
22.253050847458

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.00565 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.3×10-9
-5.65×10-10
-2.54×10-8

 

1.000702

 

1090 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
289.77 K
N/A

 

2.3 kJ/mol
12.64 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-63-3
RTECSZE1280000
2.2
2591
EU231-172-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A