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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Uranium

Compare Niobium and Uranium

Compare Niobium and Uranium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Uranium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs U on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Uranium
92
U
238.02891
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
1135 °C
3927 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Uranium

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Uranium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Uranium derived its name derived its name from from Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
2×10-8%
1×10-7%
9.8×10-7%
1.8e-06
3.3×10-7%
1×10-7%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
175 pm
12.494955905512 cm3
N/A
186 pm
7.57
uranium Spectrum
285.37, 586.95, 495.48 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmcm
63

Base Centered Orthorhombic

uranium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
92
92
92
238.02891
146.02891
2, 8, 18, 32, 21, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f3 6d1 7s2
5f3 6d1 7s2
 1;2;3;4;5;6
5L6
uranium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
6
1.38
N/A
597.6, 1420 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
19.05 g/cm3
12.494955905512

 

208 GPa
111 GPa
100 GPa
0.23


 

6 MPa
1960 MPa
2.4×103 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
0.68

 

27 W/(m K)
0.0000139 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.16×10-8
5.14×10-9
0.000411

 

N/A

 

3155 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
1135 °C
3927 °C
N/A
0.68

 

14 kJ/mol
420 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
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RTECSYR3490000
7
2979
EU231-170-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A