;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Tin

Compare Niobium and Tin

Compare Niobium and Tin on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Tin with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Sn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Tin
50
Sn
118.71
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
231.93 °C
2602 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
CAS7440-31-5
Neighborhood Elements of Tin

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Tin derived its name derived its name from from English word (stannum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
4×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
2.2e-06
1×10-9%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
145 pm
16.239398084815 cm3
141 pm
217 pm
0.63
tin Spectrum
583.18, 583.18, 318.19 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I41/amd
141

Centered Tetragonal

tin Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
50
50
50
118.71
68.71
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
5s2 5p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
tin Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
4
1.96
107.3 kJ/mol
708.6, 1411.8, 2943, 3930.3, 7456 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
16.239398084815

 

50 GPa
18 GPa
58 GPa
0.36


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
51 MPa

 

9.1×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
3.72

 

67 W/(m K)
0.000022 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.1×10-9
-3.68×10-10
-2.27e-05

 

N/A

 

2.5×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
231.93 °C
2602 °C
N/A
3.72

 

7 kJ/mol
290 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-31-5
{N/A, RTECSXP7320000}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 3}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 1}
{N/A, 3}

 

N/A
N/A