;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Silver

Compare Niobium and Silver

Compare Niobium and Silver on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Silver with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Ag on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Silver
47
Ag
107.8682
Solid
Silver
transition metal
11
copper family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
961.78 °C
2162 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
CAS7440-22-4
Neighborhood Elements of Silver

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Silver was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Silver derived its name derived its name from from English word (argentum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.4e-07
7.9×10-6%
1×10-8%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
165 pm
10.282955195424 cm3
153 pm
172 pm
63.6
silver Spectrum
408.53, 408.53, 408.53 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

silver Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
47
47
47
107.8682
60.8682
2, 8, 18, 18, 1
[Kr] 4d10 5s1
4d10 5s1
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
2S1/2
silver Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
107Ag, 109Ag.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
1
1.93
125.6 kJ/mol
731, 2070, 3361 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
10.49 g/cm3
10.282955195424

 

83 GPa
30 GPa
100 GPa
0.37


 

2.5 MPa
251 MPa
24.5 MPa

 

6.2×107 S/m
1.6×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

430 W/(m K)
0.0000189 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.27×10-9
-2.45×10-10
-2.38e-05

 

N/A

 

2.6×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
961.78 °C
2162 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.3 kJ/mol
255 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-22-4
RTECSVW3500000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
Elements of same categories