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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Rutherfordium

Compare Niobium and Rutherfordium

Compare Niobium and Rutherfordium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Rutherfordium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Rf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Rutherfordium
104
Rf
261
Solid
N/A
transition metal
4
titanium family 
7
d
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
N/A
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
CAS53850-36-5
Neighborhood Elements of Rutherfordium

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Rutherfordium was discovered by Joint Institute for Nuclear Research in year 1964 in Russia and United States. Rutherfordium derived its name derived its name from from Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
N/A
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
N/A
rutherfordium Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Simple Hexagonal

rutherfordium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
104
104
104
261
157
2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 10, 2
[Rn] 5f14 6d2 7s2
6d2 7s2
 4
3F2
rutherfordium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
4
N/A
N/A
N/A

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS53850-36-5
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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