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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Rhodium

Compare Niobium and Rhodium

Compare Niobium and Rhodium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Rhodium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Rh on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Rhodium
45
Rh
102.9055
Solid
Silver
transition metal
9
cobalt family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
1964 °C
3695 °C
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
CAS7440-16-6
Neighborhood Elements of Rhodium

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Rhodium was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston in year 1803 in United Kingdom. Rhodium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
6×10-8%
2×10-7%
1.8e-07
7×10-8%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
173 pm
8.2655020080321 cm3
135 pm
N/A
145
rhodium Spectrum
380.34, 380.34, 380.34 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

rhodium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
45
45
45
102.9055
57.9055
2, 8, 18, 16, 1
[Kr] 4d8 5s1
4d8 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
4F9/2
rhodium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
103Rh.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
6
2.28
109.7 kJ/mol
719.7, 1740, 2997 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
12.45 g/cm3
8.2655020080321

 

275 GPa
150 GPa
380 GPa
0.26


 

6 MPa
1246 MPa
1.1×103 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.3×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

150 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.36×10-8
1.4×10-9
0.0001693

 

N/A

 

4.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
1964 °C
3695 °C
N/A
N/A

 

21.7 kJ/mol
495 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-16-6
RTECSVI9069000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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