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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Neptunium

Compare Niobium and Neptunium

Compare Niobium and Neptunium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Neptunium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Np on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Neptunium
93
Np
237
Solid
Silver
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
644 °C
4×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 22, 9, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Neptunium

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Neptunium was discovered by Edwin McMillan in year 1940 in United States. Neptunium derived its name derived its name from from Neptune, the eighth planet in the Solar System

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
175 pm
11.58924205379 cm3
N/A
N/A
180
neptunium Spectrum
666.3, 472.3, 488.7 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Pnma
62

Simple Orthorhombic

neptunium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
93
93
93
237
144
2, 8, 18, 32, 22, 9, 2
[Rn] 5f4 6d1 7s2
5f4 6d1 7s2
 2;3;4;5;6;7
6L11/2
neptunium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
6
1.36
N/A
604.5 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
20.45 g/cm3
11.58924205379

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

8.3×105 S/m
1.2×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

6 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
644 °C
4×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10 kJ/mol
335 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-99-8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A