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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Niobium vs Mercury

Compare Niobium and Mercury

Compare Niobium and Mercury on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Niobium vs Mercury with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nb vs Hg on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Niobium
41
Nb
92.90638
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
2477 °C
4744 °C
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
CAS7440-03-1
Neighborhood Elements of Niobium
Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
CAS7439-97-6
Neighborhood Elements of Mercury

History

History
The element Niobium was discovered by Charles Hatchett in year 1801 in United Kingdom. Niobium derived its name from from Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
4×10-7%
1.9e-07
1.7e-05
1×10-10%
N/A
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

198 pm
10.840884480747 cm3
137 pm
N/A
1.15
niobium Spectrum
330.04, 330.04, 330.04 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

niobium Crystal Structure
171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
41
41
41
92.90638
51.90638
2, 8, 18, 12, 1
[Kr] 4d4 5s1
4d4 5s1
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
6D1/2
niobium Shells
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
93Nb.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
1.6
86.1 kJ/mol
652.1, 1380, 2416, 3.7×103, 4877, 9847, 1.21×104 kJ/mol
2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.57 g/cm3
10.840884480747

 

105 GPa
38 GPa
170 GPa
0.4


 

6 MPa
1320 MPa
736 MPa

 

6.7×106 S/m
1.5×10-7 m Ω
9.25

 

54 W/(m K)
7.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.76×10-8
2.56×10-9
0.000237

 

N/A

 

3480 m/s
13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2477 °C
4744 °C
N/A
9.25

 

26.8 kJ/mol
690 kJ/mol
N/A
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-03-1
RTECSQT9900000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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