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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Tin

Compare Nickel and Tin

Compare Nickel and Tin on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Tin with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Sn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Tin
50
Sn
118.71
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
231.93 °C
2602 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
CAS7440-31-5
Neighborhood Elements of Tin

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Tin was discovered by unknown in year 3000 BC in unknown place. Tin derived its name derived its name from from English word (stannum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
4×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
2.2e-06
1×10-9%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
145 pm
16.239398084815 cm3
141 pm
217 pm
0.63
tin Spectrum
583.18, 583.18, 318.19 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I41/amd
141

Centered Tetragonal

tin Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
50
50
50
118.71
68.71
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
5s2 5p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
tin Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
112Sn, 114Sn, 115Sn, 116Sn, 117Sn, 118Sn, 119Sn, 120Sn, 122Sn, 124Sn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
4
1.96
107.3 kJ/mol
708.6, 1411.8, 2943, 3930.3, 7456 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
7.31 g/cm3
16.239398084815

 

50 GPa
18 GPa
58 GPa
0.36


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
51 MPa

 

9.1×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
3.72

 

67 W/(m K)
0.000022 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3.1×10-9
-3.68×10-10
-2.27e-05

 

N/A

 

2.5×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
231.93 °C
2602 °C
N/A
3.72

 

7 kJ/mol
290 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-31-5
{N/A, RTECSXP7320000}
{N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 3}
N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 1}
{N/A, 3}

 

N/A
N/A