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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Polonium

Compare Nickel and Polonium

Compare Nickel and Polonium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Polonium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Po on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Polonium
84
Po
209
Solid
Silver
metalloid
16
oxygen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
254 °C
962 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
CAS7440-08-6
Neighborhood Elements of Polonium

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Polonium was discovered by Pierre Curie in year 1898 in France. Polonium derived its name derived its name from from Named after the home country of Marie Curie(Poland), who is also the discoverer of Radium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
2×10-18%
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
135 pm
22.727272727273 cm3
N/A
N/A
0.5
polonium Spectrum
335.9, 335.9, 335.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Pm-3m
221

Simple Cubic

polonium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
84
84
84
209
125
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
6s2 6p4
-2  2;4;5;6
3P2
polonium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
6
2
183.3 kJ/mol
812.1 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
9.196 g/cm3
22.727272727273

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

2.3×106 S/m
4.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
254 °C
962 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-08-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A