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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Molybdenum

Compare Nickel and Molybdenum

Compare Nickel and Molybdenum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Molybdenum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Mo on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Molybdenum
42
Mo
95.94
Solid
Gray
transition metal
6
chromium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d5 5s1
2623 °C
4639 °C
2, 8, 18, 13, 1
CAS7439-98-7
Neighborhood Elements of Molybdenum

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Molybdenum was discovered by Carl Wilhelm Scheele in year 1781 in Sweden. Molybdenum derived its name derived its name from from the Greek word molybdos meaning 'lead'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
1.2e-06
1.1e-06
1×10-6%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
190 pm
9.3326848249027 cm3
145 pm
N/A
2.6
molybdenum Spectrum
314.7, 314.7, 314.7 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

molybdenum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
42
42
42
95.94
53.94
2, 8, 18, 13, 1
[Kr] 4d5 5s1
4d5 5s1
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
7S3
molybdenum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
92Mo, 94Mo, 95Mo, 96Mo, 97Mo, 98Mo.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
6
2.16
71.9 kJ/mol
684.3, 1560, 2618, 4480, 5257, 6640.8, 12125, 13860, 15835, 17980, 20190, 22219, 26930, 29196, 52490, 5.5×104, 6.14×104, 6.77×104, 7.4×104, 8.04×104, 8.7×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
10.28 g/cm3
9.3326848249027

 

329 GPa
20 GPa
230 GPa
0.31


 

5.5 MPa
1530 MPa
1.5×103 MPa

 

2×107 S/m
5×10-8 m Ω
0.915

 

139 W/(m K)
4.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.17×10-8
1.122×10-9
0.0001203

 

N/A

 

6190 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
2623 °C
4639 °C
N/A
0.915

 

36 kJ/mol
600 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-98-7
RTECSQA4680000
4.1
3089
N/A
3
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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