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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Mercury

Compare Nickel and Mercury

Compare Nickel and Mercury on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Mercury with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Hg on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
CAS7439-97-6
Neighborhood Elements of Mercury

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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