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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Gold

Compare Nickel and Gold

Compare Nickel and Gold on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Gold with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Au on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
CAS7440-57-5
Neighborhood Elements of Gold

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

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