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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Nickel vs Bismuth

Compare Nickel and Bismuth

Compare Nickel and Bismuth on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Nickel vs Bismuth with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ni vs Bi on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Nickel
28
Ni
58.6934
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
1455 °C
2913 °C
2, 8, 16, 2
CAS7440-02-0
Neighborhood Elements of Nickel
Bismuth
83
Bi
208.98038
Solid
Gray
post-transition metal
15
nitrogen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
271.3 °C
1564 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Bismuth

History

History
The element Nickel was discovered by Axel Fredrik Cronstedt in year 1751 in Sweden. Nickel derived its name from from Swedish kopparnickel, containing the German word Nickel, 'goblin'
The element Bismuth was discovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year 1400 in unknown place. Bismuth derived its name derived its name from from German word, now obsolete

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6e-05
8e-05
0.013
8.9e-05
2×10-7%
1e-07
7×10-8%
1×10-6%
6.9×10-6%
2.5×10-6%
2×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

149 pm
6.5888414907948 cm3
121 pm
163 pm
37.2
nickel Spectrum
352.4, 352.4, 352.4 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

nickel Crystal Structure
143 pm
21.368137014315 cm3
146 pm
N/A
0.034
bismuth Spectrum
667.4, 611.7, 330.4 pm
π/2, 1.925622, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

bismuth Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
28
28
28
58.6934
30.6934
2, 8, 16, 2
[Ar] 3d8 4s2
3d8 4s2
-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3F4
nickel Shells
83
83
83
208.98038
125.98038
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
6s2 6p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
bismuth Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
58Ni, 60Ni, 61Ni, 62Ni, 64Ni.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.91
112 kJ/mol
737.1, 1753, 3395, 5.3×103, 7339, 1.04×104, 1.28×104, 1.56×104, 1.86×104, 21670, 30970, 3.4×104, 3.71×104, 4.15×104, 4.48×104, 4.81×104, 55101, 58570, 1.487×105, 1.59×105, 1.694×105 kJ/mol
5
2.02
91.2 kJ/mol
703, 1610, 2466, 4370, 5.4×103, 8520 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

8.908 g/cm3
6.5888414907948

 

200 GPa
76 GPa
180 GPa
0.31


 

4 MPa
638 MPa
700 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

91 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Ferromagnetic
631 K
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

4970 m/s
9.78 g/cm3
21.368137014315

 

32 GPa
12 GPa
31 GPa
0.33


 

2.25 MPa
N/A
94.2 MPa

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

8 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.7×10-8
-3.6×10-9
-0.00017

 

N/A

 

1790 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1455 °C
2913 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17.2 kJ/mol
378 kJ/mol
N/A
271.3 °C
1564 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.9 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-02-0
RTECSQR5950000
4.1
3089
N/A
4
N/A
2
1

 

N/A
N/A
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RTECSEB2600000
6.1
3080
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A