;

Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Neon vs Cerium

Compare Neon and Cerium

Compare Neon and Cerium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Neon vs Cerium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ne vs Ce on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Neon
10
Ne
20.1797
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p6
-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
2, 8
CAS7440-01-9
Neighborhood Elements of Neon
Cerium
58
Ce
140.116
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
798 °C
3360 °C
2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
CAS7440-45-1
Neighborhood Elements of Cerium

History

History
The element Neon was discovered by Morris Travers in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Neon derived its name from from the Greek neos, meaning 'new'
The element Cerium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1803 in Germany and Sweden. Cerium derived its name derived its name from from the then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0013
0.001
N/A
3×10-7%
1.2×10-8%
N/A
1×10-6%
4×10-7%
7.5e-07
6e-05
1.2×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

38 pm
22.421888888889 cm3
69 pm
154 pm
0.04
neon Spectrum
442.9, 442.9, 442.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

neon Crystal Structure
185 pm
20.947226790253 cm3
N/A
N/A
0.6
cerium Spectrum
362, 362, 599 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

cerium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
10
10
10
20.1797
10.1797
2, 8
[He] 2s2 2p6
2s2 2p6
 
1S0
neon Shells
58
58
58
140.116
82.116
2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
[Xe] 4f1 5d1 6s2
4f1 5d1 6s2
 2;3;4
1G4
cerium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
20Ne, 21Ne, 22Ne.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
136Ce, 138Ce, 140Ce, 142Ce.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
2080.7, 3952.3, 6122, 9371, 12177, 15238, 19999, 23069.5, 115379.5, 131432 kJ/mol
4
1.12
50 kJ/mol
534.4, 1050, 1949, 3547, 6325, 7490 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.9 g/l
22.421888888889

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.0491 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.1×10-9
-8.27×10-11
-3.69×10-9

 

1.000067

 

936 m/s
6.689 g/cm3
20.947226790253

 

34 GPa
14 GPa
22 GPa
0.24


 

2.5 MPa
270 MPa
412 MPa

 

1.4×106 S/m
7.4×10-7 m Ω
0.022

 

11 W/(m K)
6.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.2×10-7
3.0826×10-8
0.0014716

 

N/A

 

2.1×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-248.59 °C
-246.08 °C
44.4 K
N/A

 

0.34 kJ/mol
1.75 kJ/mol
N/A
798 °C
3360 °C
N/A
0.022

 

5.5 kJ/mol
350 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-01-9
RTECSQP4450000
2.2
1913
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-45-1
N/A
4.1
1333
N/A
3
N/A
2
2

 

N/A
N/A