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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Neodymium vs Sulfur

Compare Neodymium and Sulfur

Compare Neodymium and Sulfur on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Neodymium vs Sulfur with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nd vs S on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium
Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
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Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur

History

History
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure
88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol
6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s
1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A