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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Neodymium vs Platinum

Compare Neodymium and Platinum

Compare Neodymium and Platinum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Neodymium vs Platinum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nd vs Pt on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium
Platinum
78
Pt
195.078
Solid
Gray
transition metal
10
nickel family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Platinum

History

History
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
The element Platinum was discovered by Antonio de Ulloa in year 1735 in Peru. Platinum derived its name derived its name from from the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A
5×10-7%
9×10-7%
9.8e-07
3.7×10-6%
N/A
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure
177 pm
9.249786628734 cm3
128 pm
175 pm
10
platinum Spectrum
392.42, 392.42, 392.42 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

platinum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells
78
78
78
195.078
117.078
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
5d9 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3D3
platinum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
192Pt, 194Pt, 195Pt, 196Pt, 198Pt.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol
6
2.28
205.3 kJ/mol
870, 1791 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s
21.09 g/cm3
9.249786628734

 

168 GPa
61 GPa
230 GPa
0.38


 

3.5 MPa
549 MPa
392 MPa

 

9.4×106 S/m
1.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

72 W/(m K)
8.8×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.22×10-8
2.38×10-9
0.0002573

 

N/A

 

2680 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A
1768.3 °C
3825 °C
N/A
N/A

 

20 kJ/mol
490 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-06-4
RTECSTP2160000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A