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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Neodymium vs Dysprosium

Compare Neodymium and Dysprosium

Compare Neodymium and Dysprosium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Neodymium vs Dysprosium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nd vs Dy on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium
Dysprosium
66
Dy
162.5
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
1412 °C
2567 °C
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
CAS7429-91-6
Neighborhood Elements of Dysprosium

History

History
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
The element Dysprosium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1886 in France. Dysprosium derived its name derived its name from from the Greek dysprositos, meaning 'hard to get'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.7e-07
6.2e-06
9.1×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure
228 pm
19.003625306982 cm3
N/A
N/A
1010
dysprosium Spectrum
359.3, 359.3, 565.37 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

dysprosium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells
66
66
66
162.5
96.5
2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f10 6s2
4f10 6s2
 2;3;4
5I8
dysprosium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
156Dy, 158Dy, 160Dy, 161Dy, 162Dy, 163Dy, 164Dy.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol
3
1.22
50 kJ/mol
573, 1130, 2.2×103, 3990 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s
8.551 g/cm3
19.003625306982

 

61 GPa
25 GPa
41 GPa
0.25


 

N/A
540 MPa
500 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.1×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

11 W/(m K)
9.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
87 K
5.45×10-6
8.85625×10-7
0.046603

 

N/A

 

2710 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A
1412 °C
2567 °C
N/A
N/A

 

11.1 kJ/mol
280 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7429-91-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A