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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Neodymium vs Carbon

Compare Neodymium and Carbon

Compare Neodymium and Carbon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Neodymium vs Carbon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Nd vs C on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Neodymium
60
Nd
144.24
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
CAS7440-00-8
Neighborhood Elements of Neodymium
Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon

History

History
The element Neodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in year 1885 in Austria. Neodymium derived its name from from the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin'
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-6%
3×10-7%
5e-07
3.3e-05
2.8×10-10%
N/A
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

206 pm
20.576319543509 cm3
N/A
N/A
49
neodymium Spectrum
365.8, 365.8, 1179.9 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

neodymium Crystal Structure
67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
60
60
60
144.24
84.24
2, 8, 18, 22, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f4 6s2
4f4 6s2
 2;3;4
5I4
neodymium Shells
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
142Nd, 143Nd, 145Nd, 146Nd, 148Nd.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.14
50 kJ/mol
533.1, 1040, 2130, 3.9×103 kJ/mol
4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.01 g/cm3
20.576319543509

 

41 GPa
16 GPa
32 GPa
0.28


 

N/A
343 MPa
265 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

17 W/(m K)
9.6×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.8×10-7
6.9235×10-8
0.0033648

 

N/A

 

2330 m/s
2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1021 °C
3.1×103 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.1 kJ/mol
285 kJ/mol
N/A
3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-00-8
RTECSQO8575000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A