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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Mercury vs Zirconium

Compare Mercury and Zirconium

Compare Mercury and Zirconium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Mercury vs Zirconium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Hg vs Zr on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Mercury
80
Hg
200.59
Liquid
Silver
transition metal
12
zinc family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
CAS7439-97-6
Neighborhood Elements of Mercury
Zirconium
40
Zr
91.224
Solid
Silver
transition metal
4
titanium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
1855 °C
4409 °C
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
CAS7440-67-7
Neighborhood Elements of Zirconium

History

History
The element Mercury was discovered by unknown in year 1500 BC in unknown place. Mercury derived its name from from the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver')
The element Zirconium was discovered by Martin Heinrich Klaproth in year 1789 in Germany. Zirconium derived its name derived its name from from Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
1×10-7%
2×10-6%
2.5e-07
6.7×10-6%
5×10-9%
N/A
5×10-6%
4×10-6%
6.6e-06
0.00013
2.6×10-9%
5×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

171 pm
14.821191074331 cm3
149 pm
155 pm
374
mercury Spectrum
300.5, 300.5, 300.5 pm
1.23081, 1.23081, 1.23081
R_ 3m
166

Simple Trigonal

mercury Crystal Structure
206 pm
14.010751036707 cm3
148 pm
N/A
0.184
zirconium Spectrum
323.2, 323.2, 514.7 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zirconium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
80
80
80
200.59
120.59
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
5d10 6s2
-2  1;2
1S0
mercury Shells
40
40
40
91.224
51.224
2, 8, 18, 10, 2
[Kr] 4d2 5s2
4d2 5s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
zirconium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
196Hg, 198Hg, 199Hg, 200Hg, 201Hg, 202Hg, 204Hg.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
90Zr, 91Zr, 92Zr, 94Zr.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
2
0 kJ/mol
1007.1, 1810, 3.3×103 kJ/mol
4
1.33
41.1 kJ/mol
640.1, 1270, 2218, 3313, 7752, 9.5×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

13.534 g/cm3
14.821191074331

 

N/A
N/A
25 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×106 S/m
9.6×10-7 m Ω
4.154

 

8.3 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.1×10-9
-4.21×10-10
-2.84e-05

 

1.000933

 

1407 m/s
6.511 g/cm3
14.010751036707

 

68 GPa
33 GPa
N/A
0.34


 

5 MPa
903 MPa
650 MPa

 

2.4×106 S/m
4.2×10-7 m Ω
0.61

 

23 W/(m K)
5.7×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.68×10-8
1.53×10-9
0.000109

 

N/A

 

3.8×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-38.83 °C
356.73 °C
1750 K
4.154

 

2.29 kJ/mol
59.2 kJ/mol
N/A
1855 °C
4409 °C
N/A
0.61

 

21 kJ/mol
580 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-97-6
RTECSOV4550000
8
2809
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-67-7
N/A
4.2
2008
N/A
1
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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