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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Manganese vs Californium

Compare Manganese and Californium

Compare Manganese and Californium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Manganese vs Californium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Mn vs Cf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Manganese
25
Mn
54.938049
Solid
Silver
transition metal
7
manganese family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
1246 °C
2061 °C
2, 8, 13, 2
CAS7439-96-5
Neighborhood Elements of Manganese
Californium
98
Cf
251
Solid
N/A
actinide
N/A
 
7
f
[Rn] 5f10 7s2
900 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
CAS7440-71-3
Neighborhood Elements of Californium

History

History
The element Manganese was discovered by Torbern Olof Bergman in year 1774 in Sweden. Manganese derived its name from corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium
The element Californium was discovered by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in year 1950 in United States. Californium derived its name derived its name from from California, where the element was first synthesized

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
8e-06
1e-05
0.0027
0.0011
2×10-7%
2e-07
N/A
None
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

161 pm
7.3544911646586 cm3
139 pm
N/A
13.3
manganese Spectrum
891.25, 891.25, 891.25 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I_ 43m
217

Body Centered Cubic

manganese Crystal Structure
N/A
16.622516556291 cm3
N/A
N/A
2.9×103
californium Spectrum
338, 338, 1102.5 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

californium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
25
25
25
54.938049
29.938049
2, 8, 13, 2
[Ar] 3d5 4s2
3d5 4s2
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
6S5/2
manganese Shells
98
98
98
251
153
2, 8, 18, 32, 28, 8, 2
[Rn] 5f10 7s2
5f10 7s2
 2;3;4
5I8
californium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
55Mn.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.55
0 kJ/mol
717.3, 1509, 3248, 4940, 6990, 9220, 1.15×104, 18770, 2.14×104, 23960, 27590, 30330, 33150, 38880, 41987, 109480, 1.181×105, 1.271×105, 1.386×105, 1.485×105, 1.586×105 kJ/mol
4
1.3
N/A
608 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.47 g/cm3
7.3544911646586

 

198 GPa
N/A
120 GPa
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
196 MPa

 

6.2×105 S/m
1.6×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

7.8 W/(m K)
0.0000217 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.21×10-7
6.6475×10-9
0.00090387

 

N/A

 

5150 m/s
15.1 g/cm3
16.622516556291

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1246 °C
2061 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13.2 kJ/mol
220 kJ/mol
N/A
900 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-96-5
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-71-3
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A