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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Magnesium vs Sulfur

Compare Magnesium and Sulfur

Compare Magnesium and Sulfur on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Magnesium vs Sulfur with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Mg vs S on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Magnesium
12
Mg
24.305
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s2
650 °C
1090 °C
2, 8, 2
CAS7439-95-4
Neighborhood Elements of Magnesium
Sulfur
16
S
32.065
Solid
Yellow
other nonmetal
16
oxygen family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
2, 8, 6
CAS7704-34-9
Neighborhood Elements of Sulfur

History

History
The element Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black in year 1755 in United Kingdom. Magnesium derived its name from from Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece
The element Sulfur was discovered by Ancient china in year 500 BC in unknown place. Sulfur derived its name derived its name from from the Latin word sulphur, 'fire and brimstone'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0006
0.0007
0.12
0.029
0.0013
0.00027
0.0005
0.0004
0.04
0.00042
0.00093
0.002

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
13.984464902186 cm3
130 pm
173 pm
0.063
magnesium Spectrum
320.94, 320.94, 521.08 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

magnesium Crystal Structure
88 pm
16.359693877551 cm3
102 pm
180 pm
0.52
sulfur Spectrum
1043.7, 1284.5, 2436.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fddd
70

Face Centered Orthorhombic

sulfur Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
12
12
12
24.305
12.305
2, 8, 2
[Ne] 3s2
3s2
 1;2
1S0
magnesium Shells
16
16
16
32.065
16.065
2, 8, 6
[Ne] 3s2 3p4
3s2 3p4
-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6
3P2
sulfur Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
24Mg, 25Mg, 26Mg.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
32S, 33S, 34S, 36S.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.31
0 kJ/mol
737.7, 1450.7, 7732.7, 10542.5, 13630, 18020, 21711, 25661, 31653, 35458 kJ/mol
6
2.58
200 kJ/mol
999.6, 2252, 3357, 4556, 7004.3, 8495.8, 27107, 31719, 36621, 43177 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.738 g/cm3
13.984464902186

 

45 GPa
17 GPa
45 GPa
0.29


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
260 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

160 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.9×10-9
1.68×10-10
1.2e-05

 

N/A

 

4602 m/s
1.96 g/cm3
16.359693877551

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

2 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-15 S/m
1×1015 m Ω
N/A

 

0.205 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-1.99×10-10
-1.22e-05

 

1.001111

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

650 °C
1090 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.7 kJ/mol
128 kJ/mol
-668 J/(kg K)
115.21 °C
444.72 °C
1314 K
N/A

 

1.73 kJ/mol
9.8 kJ/mol
{"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-95-4
N/A
4.1
2950
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

472 °C
500 °C
CAS7704-34-9
{RTECSWS4250000, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements