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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Magnesium vs Astatine

Compare Magnesium and Astatine

Compare Magnesium and Astatine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Magnesium vs Astatine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Mg vs At on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Magnesium
12
Mg
24.305
Solid
Silver
alkaline earth metal
2
beryllium family 
3
s
[Ne] 3s2
650 °C
1090 °C
2, 8, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Magnesium
Astatine
85
At
210
Solid
Silver
halogens
17
fluorine family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
302 °C
N/A
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 7
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Neighborhood Elements of Astatine

History

History
The element Magnesium was discovered by Joseph Black in year 1755 in United Kingdom. Magnesium derived its name from from Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece
The element Astatine was discovered by Dale R. Corson in year 1940 in United States. Astatine derived its name derived its name from from the Greek astatos, 'unstable'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.0006
0.0007
0.12
0.029
0.0013
0.00027
N/A
N/A
None
None
None
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

145 pm
13.984464902186 cm3
130 pm
173 pm
0.063
magnesium Spectrum
320.94, 320.94, 521.08 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

magnesium Crystal Structure
127 pm
N/A cm3
N/A
N/A
N/A
astatine Spectrum
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

Face Centered Cubic

astatine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
12
12
12
24.305
12.305
2, 8, 2
[Ne] 3s2
3s2
 1;2
1S0
magnesium Shells
85
85
85
210
125
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 7
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
6s2 6p5
-1  1;3;5;7
2P3/2
astatine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
24Mg, 25Mg, 26Mg.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

2
1.31
0 kJ/mol
737.7, 1450.7, 7732.7, 10542.5, 13630, 18020, 21711, 25661, 31653, 35458 kJ/mol
7
2.2
270.1 kJ/mol
920 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

1.738 g/cm3
13.984464902186

 

45 GPa
17 GPa
45 GPa
0.29


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
260 MPa

 

2.3×107 S/m
4.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

160 W/(m K)
8.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.9×10-9
1.68×10-10
1.2e-05

 

N/A

 

4602 m/s
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

2 W/(m K)
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

650 °C
1090 °C
N/A
N/A

 

8.7 kJ/mol
128 kJ/mol
-668 J/(kg K)
302 °C
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

6 kJ/mol
40 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-95-4
N/A
4.1
2950
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

472 °C
500 °C
CAS7440-68-8
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A