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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Zinc

Compare Lithium and Zinc

Compare Lithium and Zinc on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Zinc with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Zn on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Zinc
30
Zn
65.409
Solid
SlateGray
transition metal
12
zinc family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
419.53 °C
907 °C
2, 8, 18, 2
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Neighborhood Elements of Zinc

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Zinc was discovered by India in year 1500 in Germany. Zinc derived its name derived its name from from the German word Zink

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
3e-07
2e-06
0.00018
7.8e-05
5×10-7%
3.3e-05

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
142 pm
9.1609243697479 cm3
131 pm
139 pm
1.1
zinc Spectrum
266.49, 266.49, 494.68 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

zinc Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
30
30
30
65.409
35.409
2, 8, 18, 2
[Ar] 3d10 4s2
3d10 4s2
-2  1;2
1S0
zinc Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
64Zn, 66Zn, 67Zn, 68Zn, 70Zn.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
2
1.65
0 kJ/mol
906.4, 1733.3, 3833, 5731, 7970, 1.04×104, 1.29×104, 1.68×104, 1.96×104, 2.3×104, 2.64×104, 29990, 40490, 4.38×104, 4.73×104, 5.23×104, 5.59×104, 5.97×104, 6.73×104, 7.12×104, 1.791×105 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
7.14 g/cm3
9.1609243697479

 

108 GPa
43 GPa
70 GPa
0.25


 

2.5 MPa
N/A
412 MPa

 

1.7×107 S/m
5.9×10-8 m Ω
0.85

 

120 W/(m K)
0.0000302 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.21×10-9
-1.45×10-10
-1.58e-05

 

1.00205

 

3.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
419.53 °C
907 °C
N/A
0.85

 

7.35 kJ/mol
119 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
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RTECSZG8600000
4.3
1436
N/A
0
Water Reactive
2
0

 

460 °C
N/A