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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Xenon

Compare Lithium and Xenon

Compare Lithium and Xenon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Xenon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Xe on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Xenon
54
Xe
131.293
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
CAS7440-63-3
Neighborhood Elements of Xenon

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Xenon was discovered by William Ramsay in year 1898 in United Kingdom. Xenon derived its name derived its name from from the Greek xenos, meaning 'strange'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
1×10-6%
N/A
N/A
2×10-9%
5×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
108 pm
22.253050847458 cm3
130 pm
216 pm
25
xenon Spectrum
620.23, 620.23, 620.23 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

xenon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
54
54
54
131.293
77.293
2, 8, 18, 18, 8
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p6
5s2 5p6
 2;4;6;8
1S0
xenon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
124Xe, 126Xe, 128Xe, 129Xe, 130Xe, 131Xe, 132Xe, 134Xe, 136Xe.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
6
2.6
0 kJ/mol
1170.4, 2046.4, 3099.4 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
5.9 g/l
22.253050847458

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.00565 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.3×10-9
-5.65×10-10
-2.54×10-8

 

1.000702

 

1090 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
-111.8 °C
-108 °C
289.77 K
N/A

 

2.3 kJ/mol
12.64 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-63-3
RTECSZE1280000
2.2
2591
EU231-172-7
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A