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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Polonium

Compare Lithium and Polonium

Compare Lithium and Polonium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Polonium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Po on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Polonium
84
Po
209
Solid
Silver
metalloid
16
oxygen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
254 °C
962 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
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Neighborhood Elements of Polonium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Polonium was discovered by Pierre Curie in year 1898 in France. Polonium derived its name derived its name from from Named after the home country of Marie Curie(Poland), who is also the discoverer of Radium

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
2×10-18%
None

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
135 pm
22.727272727273 cm3
N/A
N/A
0.5
polonium Spectrum
335.9, 335.9, 335.9 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Pm-3m
221

Simple Cubic

polonium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
84
84
84
209
125
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 6
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p4
6s2 6p4
-2  2;4;5;6
3P2
polonium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
6
2
183.3 kJ/mol
812.1 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
9.196 g/cm3
22.727272727273

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

2.3×106 S/m
4.3×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
254 °C
962 °C
N/A
N/A

 

13 kJ/mol
100 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-08-6
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A