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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Lead

Compare Lithium and Lead

Compare Lithium and Lead on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Lead with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Pb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
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Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Lead
82
Pb
207.2
Solid
SlateGray
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
327.46 °C
1749 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
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Neighborhood Elements of Lead

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year 4000 BC in unknown place. Lead derived its name derived its name from from English word (plumbum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
1.4e-06
9.9e-06
3×10-9%
1.7e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
154 pm
18.271604938272 cm3
147 pm
202 pm
0.171
lead Spectrum
495.08, 495.08, 495.08 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

lead Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
82
82
82
207.2
125.2
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
6s2 6p2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
lead Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
4
2.33
35.1 kJ/mol
715.6, 1450.5, 3081.5, 4083, 6640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
11.34 g/cm3
18.271604938272

 

16 GPa
5.6 GPa
46 GPa
0.44


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
38.3 MPa

 

4.8×106 S/m
2.1×10-7 m Ω
7.2

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000289 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-3.11×10-10
-1.7e-05

 

N/A

 

1260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
327.46 °C
1749 °C
N/A
7.2

 

4.77 kJ/mol
178 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7439-92-1
RTECSOF7525000
N/A
3077
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A