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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Iodine

Compare Lithium and Iodine

Compare Lithium and Iodine on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Iodine with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs I on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Iodine
53
I
126.90447
Solid
SlateGray
halogens
17
fluorine family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
113.7 °C
184.3 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
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Neighborhood Elements of Iodine

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Iodine was discovered by Bernard Courtois in year 1811 in France. Iodine derived its name derived its name from from French iode (after the Greek ioeides, 'violet')

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
1×10-7%
N/A
2.5e-07
4.9e-07
6×10-6%
2e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
115 pm
25.689163967611 cm3
133 pm
198 pm
6.2
iodine Spectrum
718.02, 471.02, 981.03 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

iodine Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
53
53
53
126.90447
73.90447
2, 8, 18, 18, 7
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p5
5s2 5p5
-1  1;3;4;5;6;7
2P3/2
iodine Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
127I.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
7
2.66
295.2 kJ/mol
1008.4, 1845.9, 3180 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
4.94 g/cm3
25.689163967611

 

N/A
N/A
7.7 GPa
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

1×10-7 S/m
1×107 m Ω
N/A

 

0.449 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-4.5×10-9
-1.14×10-9
-2.22e-05

 

N/A

 

N/A

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
113.7 °C
184.3 °C
819 K
N/A

 

7.76 kJ/mol
20.9 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7553-56-2
RTECSNN1575000
8
1759
N/A
0
N/A
3
0

 

N/A
N/A