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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Holmium

Compare Lithium and Holmium

Compare Lithium and Holmium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Holmium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Ho on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Holmium
67
Ho
164.93032
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f11 6s2
1474 °C
2700 °C
2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
CAS7440-60-0
Neighborhood Elements of Holmium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Holmium was discovered by Marc Delafontaine in year 1878 in Switzerland. Holmium derived its name derived its name from from Holmia, the New Latin name for Stockholm

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
5×10-8%
None
5.9×10-6%
1.2e-06
2.2×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
226 pm
18.752736782263 cm3
N/A
N/A
65
holmium Spectrum
357.73, 357.73, 561.58 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

holmium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
67
67
67
164.93032
97.93032
2, 8, 18, 29, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f11 6s2
4f11 6s2
 2;3
4I15/2
holmium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
165Ho.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
3
1.23
50 kJ/mol
581, 1140, 2204, 4.1×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
8.795 g/cm3
18.752736782263

 

65 GPa
26 GPa
40 GPa
0.23


 

N/A
481 MPa
746 MPa

 

1.1×106 S/m
9.4×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

16 W/(m K)
0.0000112 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
20 K
5.49×10-6
9.05467×10-7
0.0482845

 

N/A

 

2760 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
1474 °C
2700 °C
N/A
N/A

 

17 kJ/mol
265 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-60-0
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A