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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Hafnium

Compare Lithium and Hafnium

Compare Lithium and Hafnium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Hafnium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Hf on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Hafnium
72
Hf
178.49
Solid
Gray
transition metal
4
titanium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
2233 °C
4603 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
CAS7440-58-6
Neighborhood Elements of Hafnium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Hafnium was discovered by Dirk Coster in year 1923 in Denmark. Hafnium derived its name derived its name from from Hafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
7×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.3e-06
8×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
208 pm
13.410217881292 cm3
150 pm
N/A
104
hafnium Spectrum
319.64, 319.64, 505.11 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hafnium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
72
72
72
178.49
106.49
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
5d2 6s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
hafnium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
176Hf, 177Hf, 178Hf, 179Hf, 180Hf.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
4
1.3
0 kJ/mol
658.5, 1440, 2250, 3216 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
13.31 g/cm3
13.410217881292

 

78 GPa
30 GPa
110 GPa
0.37


 

5.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1.7×103 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
0.128

 

23 W/(m K)
5.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.3×10-9
9.46×10-10
7.05e-05

 

N/A

 

3010 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
2233 °C
4603 °C
N/A
0.128

 

25.5 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7440-58-6
RTECSMG4600000
4.2
2545
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A