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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lithium vs Aluminium

Compare Lithium and Aluminium

Compare Lithium and Aluminium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lithium vs Aluminium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Li vs Al on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lithium
3
Li
6.941
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
2
s
[He] 2s1
180.54 °C
1342 °C
2, 1
CAS7439-93-2
Neighborhood Elements of Lithium
Aluminium
13
Al
26.981538
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
3
p
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
660.32 °C
2519 °C
2, 8, 3
CAS7429-90-5
Neighborhood Elements of Aluminium

History

History
The element Lithium was discovered by Johan August Arfwedson in year 1817 in Sweden. Lithium derived its name from the Greek word lithos, meaning 'stone'
The element Aluminium was discovered by in year 1825 in Denmark. Aluminium derived its name derived its name from from alumina, a compound (originally aluminum)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-7%
6×10-9%
1.7e-06
1.7e-05
1.8e-07
3×10-6%
5e-05
6e-05
0.0091
0.081
5×10-7%
9e-07

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

167 pm
12.973831775701 cm3
134 pm
182 pm
0.045
lithium Spectrum
351, 351, 351 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

lithium Crystal Structure
118 pm
9.9931622222222 cm3
118 pm
N/A
0.233
aluminium Spectrum
404.95, 404.95, 404.95 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

aluminium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
3
3
3
6.941
3.941
2, 1
[He] 2s1
2s1
 1
2S1/2
lithium Shells
13
13
13
26.981538
13.981538
2, 8, 3
[Ne] 3s2 3p1
3s2 3p1
-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
aluminium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
6Li, 7Li.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
27Al.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
0.98
59.6 kJ/mol
520.2, 7298.1, 11815 kJ/mol
3
1.61
42.5 kJ/mol
577.5, 1816.7, 2744.8, 11577, 14842, 18379, 23326, 27465, 31853, 38473 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.535 g/cm3
12.973831775701

 

4.9 GPa
4.2 GPa
11 GPa
N/A


 

0.6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1.1×107 S/m
9.4×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

85 W/(m K)
0.000046 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
2.56×10-8
1.78×10-10
1.37×10-6

 

N/A

 

6×103 m/s
2.7 g/cm3
9.9931622222222

 

70 GPa
26 GPa
76 GPa
0.35


 

2.75 MPa
167 MPa
245 MPa

 

3.8×107 S/m
2.6×10-8 m Ω
1.175

 

235 W/(m K)
0.0000231 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
7.8×10-9
2.1×10-10
2.11e-05

 

N/A

 

5.1×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

180.54 °C
1342 °C
3223 K
N/A

 

3 kJ/mol
147 kJ/mol
-298 J/(kg K)
660.32 °C
2519 °C
N/A
1.175

 

10.7 kJ/mol
293 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-93-2
RTECSOJ5540000
4.3
1415
N/A
2
Water Reactive
3
2

 

179 °C
N/A
CAS7429-90-5
RTECSBD0330000
4.3
1396
N/A
1
N/A
0
1

 

400 °C
645 °C