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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Lanthanum vs Ytterbium

Compare Lanthanum and Ytterbium

Compare Lanthanum and Ytterbium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Lanthanum vs Ytterbium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare La vs Yb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Lanthanum
57
La
138.9055
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
920 °C
3464 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
CAS7439-91-0
Neighborhood Elements of Lanthanum
Ytterbium
70
Yb
173.04
Solid
Silver
lanthanide
N/A
 
6
f
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
819 °C
1196 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
CAS7440-64-4
Neighborhood Elements of Ytterbium

History

History
The element Lanthanum was discovered by Carl Gustaf Mosander in year 1839 in Sweden. Lanthanum derived its name from from the Greek lanthanein, meaning 'to lie hidden'
The element Ytterbium was discovered by Jean Charles Galissard de Marignac in year 1878 in Switzerland. Ytterbium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2×10-7%
2×10-7%
2.8e-07
3.4e-05
3.4×10-10%
N/A
2×10-7%
1×10-7%
1.8e-07
2.8e-06
8×10-11%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

195 pm
22.600959973967 cm3
169 pm
N/A
8.98
lanthanum Spectrum
377.2, 377.2, 1214.4 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

lanthanum Crystal Structure
222 pm
26.337899543379 cm3
N/A
N/A
35
ytterbium Spectrum
548.47, 548.47, 548.47 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

ytterbium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
57
57
57
138.9055
81.9055
2, 8, 18, 18, 9, 2
[Xe] 5d1 6s2
5d1 6s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
lanthanum Shells
70
70
70
173.04
103.04
2, 8, 18, 32, 8, 2
[Xe] 4f14 6s2
4f14 6s2
 2;3
1S0
ytterbium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
139La.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
168Yb, 170Yb, 171Yb, 172Yb, 173Yb, 174Yb, 176Yb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.1
48 kJ/mol
538.1, 1067, 1850.3, 4819, 5940 kJ/mol
3
N/A
50 kJ/mol
603.4, 1174.8, 2417, 4203 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

6.146 g/cm3
22.600959973967

 

37 GPa
14 GPa
28 GPa
0.28


 

2.5 MPa
491 MPa
363 MPa

 

1.6×106 S/m
6.1×10-7 m Ω
4.88

 

13 W/(m K)
0.0000121 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.1×10-8
1.528×10-9
6.761e-05

 

N/A

 

2475 m/s
6.57 g/cm3
26.337899543379

 

24 GPa
9.9 GPa
31 GPa
0.21


 

N/A
206 MPa
343 MPa

 

3.6×106 S/m
2.8×10-7 m Ω
N/A

 

39 W/(m K)
0.0000263 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.9×10-9
1.02×10-9
3.88e-05

 

N/A

 

1590 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

920 °C
3464 °C
N/A
4.88

 

6.2 kJ/mol
400 kJ/mol
N/A
819 °C
1196 °C
N/A
N/A

 

7.7 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7439-91-0
N/A
4.1
3178
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-64-4
RTECSZG1925000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A