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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Indium vs Gallium

Compare Indium and Gallium

Compare Indium and Gallium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Indium vs Gallium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare In vs Ga on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Indium
49
In
114.818
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
156.6 °C
2072 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
CAS7440-74-6
Neighborhood Elements of Indium
Gallium
31
Ga
69.723
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
29.76 °C
2204 °C
2, 8, 18, 3
CAS7440-55-3
Neighborhood Elements of Gallium

History

History
The element Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany. Indium derived its name from from indigo
The element Gallium was discovered by Lecoq de Boisbaudran in year 1875 in France. Gallium derived its name derived its name from from Gallia, the Latin name for France

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3×10-8%
4×10-7%
4.4×10-6%
1.6e-07
1×10-11%
N/A
1×10-6%
4×10-6%
7.6e-06
1.9e-05
3×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

156 pm
15.706976744186 cm3
144 pm
193 pm
194
indium Spectrum
325.23, 325.23, 494.61 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

indium Crystal Structure
136 pm
11.809451219512 cm3
126 pm
187 pm
2.9
gallium Spectrum
451.97, 766.33, 452.6 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Cmca
64

Base Centered Orthorhombic

gallium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
49
49
49
114.818
65.818
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
5s2 5p1
-5;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
indium Shells
31
31
31
69.723
38.723
2, 8, 18, 3
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p1
4s2 4p1
-5;-4;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
gallium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
113In.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
69Ga, 71Ga.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.78
28.9 kJ/mol
558.3, 1820.7, 2704, 5210 kJ/mol
3
1.81
28.9 kJ/mol
578.8, 1979.3, 2963, 6180 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.31 g/cm3
15.706976744186

 

11 GPa
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.2 MPa
N/A
8.83 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8×10-8 m Ω
3.41

 

82 W/(m K)
0.0000321 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.4×10-9
-1.61×10-10
-1.02e-05

 

N/A

 

1215 m/s
5.904 g/cm3
11.809451219512

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
60 MPa

 

7.1×106 S/m
1.4×10-7 m Ω
1.083

 

29 W/(m K)
0.00012 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-3×10-9
-2.09×10-10
-1.77e-05

 

N/A

 

2740 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

156.6 °C
2072 °C
N/A
3.41

 

3.26 kJ/mol
230 kJ/mol
N/A
29.76 °C
2204 °C
N/A
1.083

 

5.59 kJ/mol
256 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-74-6
RTECSNL1050000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-55-3
RTECSLW8600000
8
2803
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A