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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Indium vs Bismuth

Compare Indium and Bismuth

Compare Indium and Bismuth on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Indium vs Bismuth with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare In vs Bi on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Indium
49
In
114.818
Solid
Silver
post-transition metal
13
boron family 
5
p
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
156.6 °C
2072 °C
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
CAS7440-74-6
Neighborhood Elements of Indium
Bismuth
83
Bi
208.98038
Solid
Gray
post-transition metal
15
nitrogen family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
271.3 °C
1564 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
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Neighborhood Elements of Bismuth

History

History
The element Indium was discovered by Ferdinand Reich in year 1863 in Germany. Indium derived its name from from indigo
The element Bismuth was discovered by Claude François Geoffroy in year 1400 in unknown place. Bismuth derived its name derived its name from from German word, now obsolete

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
3×10-8%
4×10-7%
4.4×10-6%
1.6e-07
1×10-11%
N/A
7×10-8%
1×10-6%
6.9×10-6%
2.5×10-6%
2×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

156 pm
15.706976744186 cm3
144 pm
193 pm
194
indium Spectrum
325.23, 325.23, 494.61 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
I4/mmm
139

Centered Tetragonal

indium Crystal Structure
143 pm
21.368137014315 cm3
146 pm
N/A
0.034
bismuth Spectrum
667.4, 611.7, 330.4 pm
π/2, 1.925622, π/2
C12/m1
12

Base Centered Monoclinic

bismuth Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
49
49
49
114.818
65.818
2, 8, 18, 18, 3
[Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p1
5s2 5p1
-5;-2;-1  1;2;3
2P1/2
indium Shells
83
83
83
208.98038
125.98038
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 5
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
6s2 6p3
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4S3/2
bismuth Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
113In.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
None.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

3
1.78
28.9 kJ/mol
558.3, 1820.7, 2704, 5210 kJ/mol
5
2.02
91.2 kJ/mol
703, 1610, 2466, 4370, 5.4×103, 8520 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

7.31 g/cm3
15.706976744186

 

11 GPa
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

1.2 MPa
N/A
8.83 MPa

 

1.2×107 S/m
8×10-8 m Ω
3.41

 

82 W/(m K)
0.0000321 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.4×10-9
-1.61×10-10
-1.02e-05

 

N/A

 

1215 m/s
9.78 g/cm3
21.368137014315

 

32 GPa
12 GPa
31 GPa
0.33


 

2.25 MPa
N/A
94.2 MPa

 

7.7×105 S/m
1.3×10-6 m Ω
N/A

 

8 W/(m K)
0.0000134 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.7×10-8
-3.6×10-9
-0.00017

 

N/A

 

1790 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

156.6 °C
2072 °C
N/A
3.41

 

3.26 kJ/mol
230 kJ/mol
N/A
271.3 °C
1564 °C
N/A
N/A

 

10.9 kJ/mol
160 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-74-6
RTECSNL1050000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-69-9
RTECSEB2600000
6.1
3080
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A