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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Hydrogen vs Potassium

Compare Hydrogen and Potassium

Compare Hydrogen and Potassium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Hydrogen vs Potassium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare H vs K on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Hydrogen
1
H
1.00794
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
1
lithium family 
1
s
1s1
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
1
CAS1333-74-0
Neighborhood Elements of Hydrogen
Potassium
19
K
39.0983
Solid
Silver
alkali metal
1
lithium family 
4
s
[Ar] 4s1
63.38 °C
759 °C
2, 8, 8, 1
CAS7440-09-7
Neighborhood Elements of Potassium

History

History
The element Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in year 1766 in United Kingdom. Hydrogen derived its name from from the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'
The element Potassium was discovered by Humphry Davy in year 1807 in United Kingdom. Potassium derived its name derived its name from from New Latin potassa, 'potash' (kalium in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.75
0.75
0.024
0.0015
0.11
0.1
3e-06
4e-06
0.0007
0.015
0.00042
0.002

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

53 pm
11.211790878754 cm3
37 pm
120 pm
0.332
hydrogen Spectrum
470 pm, 470 pm, 340 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hydrogen Crystal Structure
243 pm
45.67558411215 cm3
196 pm
275 pm
2.1
potassium Spectrum
532.8, 532.8, 532.8 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

potassium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
1
1
1
1.00794
0.0079400000000001
1
1s1
1s1
-1  1
2S1/2
hydrogen Shells
19
19
19
39.0983
20.0983
2, 8, 8, 1
[Ar] 4s1
4s1
-1  1
2S1/2
potassium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
1H, 2H.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
39K, 41K.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
2.2
72.8 kJ/mol
1312 kJ/mol
1
0.82
48.4 kJ/mol
418.8, 3052, 4420, 5877, 7975, 9590, 11343, 14944, 16963.7, 48610 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.0899 g/l
11.211790878754

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.1805 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.48×10-8
-4.999×10-11
-2.23×10-9

 

1.000132

 

1270 m/s
0.856 g/cm3
45.67558411215

 

N/A
1.3 GPa
3.1 GPa
N/A


 

0.4 MPa
N/A
0.363 MPa

 

1.4×107 S/m
7×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

100 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.7×10-9
2.62×10-10
5.74×10-6

 

N/A

 

2×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
32.97 K
N/A

 

0.558 kJ/mol
0.452 kJ/mol
N/A
63.38 °C
759 °C
2223 K
N/A

 

2.33 kJ/mol
76.9 kJ/mol
-182 J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS1333-74-0
RTECSMW8900000
2.1
1966
N/A
4
N/A
3
0

 

535.5 °C
-18 °C
CAS7440-09-7
RTECSTS6460000
4.3
2257
N/A
3
Water Reactive
3
2

 

440 °C
N/A