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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Hydrogen vs Lead

Compare Hydrogen and Lead

Compare Hydrogen and Lead on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Hydrogen vs Lead with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare H vs Pb on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Hydrogen
1
H
1.00794
Gas
Colorless
other nonmetal
1
lithium family 
1
s
1s1
-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
1
CAS1333-74-0
Neighborhood Elements of Hydrogen
Lead
82
Pb
207.2
Solid
SlateGray
post-transition metal
14
carbon family 
6
p
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
327.46 °C
1749 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
CAS7439-92-1
Neighborhood Elements of Lead

History

History
The element Hydrogen was discovered by Henry Cavendish in year 1766 in United Kingdom. Hydrogen derived its name from from the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming'
The element Lead was discovered by Middle East in year 4000 BC in unknown place. Lead derived its name derived its name from from English word (plumbum in Latin)

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.75
0.75
0.024
0.0015
0.11
0.1
1×10-6%
1×10-6%
1.4e-06
9.9e-06
3×10-9%
1.7e-06

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

53 pm
11.211790878754 cm3
37 pm
120 pm
0.332
hydrogen Spectrum
470 pm, 470 pm, 340 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hydrogen Crystal Structure
154 pm
18.271604938272 cm3
147 pm
202 pm
0.171
lead Spectrum
495.08, 495.08, 495.08 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

lead Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
1
1
1
1.00794
0.0079400000000001
1
1s1
1s1
-1  1
2S1/2
hydrogen Shells
82
82
82
207.2
125.2
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 4
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
6s2 6p2
-4;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
lead Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
1H, 2H.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
204Pb, 206Pb, 207Pb, 208Pb.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

1
2.2
72.8 kJ/mol
1312 kJ/mol
4
2.33
35.1 kJ/mol
715.6, 1450.5, 3081.5, 4083, 6640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.0899 g/l
11.211790878754

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.1805 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-2.48×10-8
-4.999×10-11
-2.23×10-9

 

1.000132

 

1270 m/s
11.34 g/cm3
18.271604938272

 

16 GPa
5.6 GPa
46 GPa
0.44


 

1.5 MPa
N/A
38.3 MPa

 

4.8×106 S/m
2.1×10-7 m Ω
7.2

 

35 W/(m K)
0.0000289 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-3.11×10-10
-1.7e-05

 

N/A

 

1260 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

-259.14 °C
-252.87 °C
32.97 K
N/A

 

0.558 kJ/mol
0.452 kJ/mol
N/A
327.46 °C
1749 °C
N/A
7.2

 

4.77 kJ/mol
178 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS1333-74-0
RTECSMW8900000
2.1
1966
N/A
4
N/A
3
0

 

535.5 °C
-18 °C
CAS7439-92-1
RTECSOF7525000
N/A
3077
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A