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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Helium vs Carbon

Compare Helium and Carbon

Compare Helium and Carbon on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Helium vs Carbon with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare He vs C on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Helium
2
He
4.002602
Gas
Colorless
noble gas
18
helium family or neon family 
1
p
1s2
N/A
-268.93 °C
2
CAS7440-59-7
Neighborhood Elements of Helium
Carbon
6
C
12.0107
Solid
Black
other nonmetal
14
carbon family 
2
p
[He] 2s2 2p2
3550 °C
4027 °C
2, 4
CAS7440-44-0
Neighborhood Elements of Carbon

History

History
The element Helium was discovered by Pierre Janssen in year 1895 in Sweden and United Kingdom. Helium derived its name from from the Greek word helios, meaning 'sun'
The element Carbon was discovered by Ancient Egypt in year N/A in unknown place. Carbon derived its name derived its name from the Latin word carbo, meaning 'coal'

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
0.23
0.23
N/A
5.5×10-7%
7.2×10-10%
N/A
0.005
0.003
0.015
0.0018
2.8e-05
0.23

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

31 pm
22.423540616247 cm3
32 pm
140 pm
0.007
helium Spectrum
424.2, 424.2, 424.2 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

helium Crystal Structure
67 pm
5.3144690265487 cm3
77 pm
170 pm
0.0035
carbon Spectrum
246.4, 246.4, 671.1 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

carbon Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
2
2
2
4.002602
2.002602
2
1s2
1s2
 
1S0
helium Shells
6
6
6
12.0107
6.0107
2, 4
[He] 2s2 2p2
2s2 2p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
carbon Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
3He, 4He.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
12C, 13C.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

0
N/A
0 kJ/mol
2372.3, 5250.5 kJ/mol
4
2.55
153.9 kJ/mol
1086.5, 2352.6, 4620.5, 6222.7, 37831, 47277 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

0.1785 g/l
22.423540616247

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
N/A

 

0.1513 W/(m K)
N/A

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-5.9×10-9
-2.36×10-11
-1.05×10-9

 

1.000035

 

970 m/s
2.26 g/cm3
5.3144690265487

 

N/A
N/A
33 GPa
N/A


 

0.5 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

1×105 S/m
1×10-5 m Ω
N/A

 

140 W/(m K)
7.1×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-6.2×10-9
-7.45×10-11
-1.4e-05

 

2.417

 

18350 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

N/A
-268.93 °C
5.19 K
N/A

 

0.02 kJ/mol
0.083 kJ/mol
N/A
3550 °C
4027 °C
N/A
N/A

 

105 kJ/mol
715 kJ/mol
{"N/A", -393., "N/A", "N/A"} J/(kg K)

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-59-7
RTECSMH6520000
2.2
1963
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-44-0
{RTECSHL4158550, RTECSFF5250100, RTECSMD9659600, N/A}
{N/A, 4.2, N/A, N/A}
"N/A", {1361}, "N/A", "N/A"
{N/A, N/A, N/A, N/A}
{N/A, 1, N/A, 1}
N/ A, N/ A, N/ A, N/ A
{N/A, 0, N/A, 1}
{N/A, 0, N/A, 0}

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements