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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Hafnium vs Rhenium

Compare Hafnium and Rhenium

Compare Hafnium and Rhenium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Hafnium vs Rhenium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Hf vs Re on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Hafnium
72
Hf
178.49
Solid
Gray
transition metal
4
titanium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
2233 °C
4603 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
CAS7440-58-6
Neighborhood Elements of Hafnium
Rhenium
75
Re
186.207
Solid
Gray
transition metal
7
manganese family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
3186 °C
5596 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
CAS7440-15-5
Neighborhood Elements of Rhenium

History

History
The element Hafnium was discovered by Dirk Coster in year 1923 in Denmark. Hafnium derived its name from from Hafnia, the New Latin name for Copenhagen
The element Rhenium was discovered by Masataka Ogawa in year 1925 in Germany. Rhenium derived its name derived its name from from Rhenus, the Latin name for the river Rhine

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
7×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.3e-06
8×10-10%
N/A
2×10-8%
1×10-8%
4.9×10-6%
2.6×10-7%
1×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

208 pm
13.410217881292 cm3
150 pm
N/A
104
hafnium Spectrum
319.64, 319.64, 505.11 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

hafnium Crystal Structure
188 pm
8.8585632730733 cm3
159 pm
N/A
90
rhenium Spectrum
276.1, 276.1, 445.6 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

rhenium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
72
72
72
178.49
106.49
2, 8, 18, 32, 10, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d2 6s2
5d2 6s2
-2  1;2;3;4
3F2
hafnium Shells
75
75
75
186.207
111.207
2, 8, 18, 32, 13, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d5 6s2
5d5 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5;6;7
6S5/2
rhenium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
176Hf, 177Hf, 178Hf, 179Hf, 180Hf.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
185Re.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
1.3
0 kJ/mol
658.5, 1440, 2250, 3216 kJ/mol
7
1.9
14.5 kJ/mol
760, 1260, 2510, 3640 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

13.31 g/cm3
13.410217881292

 

78 GPa
30 GPa
110 GPa
0.37


 

5.5 MPa
1760 MPa
1.7×103 MPa

 

3.3×106 S/m
3×10-7 m Ω
0.128

 

23 W/(m K)
5.9×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
5.3×10-9
9.46×10-10
7.05e-05

 

N/A

 

3010 m/s
21.02 g/cm3
8.8585632730733

 

463 GPa
178 GPa
370 GPa
0.3


 

7 MPa
2450 MPa
1320 MPa

 

5.6×106 S/m
1.8×10-7 m Ω
1.7

 

48 W/(m K)
6.2×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
4.56×10-9
8.49×10-10
9.59e-05

 

N/A

 

4.7×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

2233 °C
4603 °C
N/A
0.128

 

25.5 kJ/mol
630 kJ/mol
N/A
3186 °C
5596 °C
N/A
1.7

 

33 kJ/mol
705 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-58-6
RTECSMG4600000
4.2
2545
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-15-5
RTECSVI0780000
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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