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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Gold vs Tantalum

Compare Gold and Tantalum

Compare Gold and Tantalum on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Gold vs Tantalum with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Au vs Ta on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Gold
79
Au
196.96655
Solid
Gold
transition metal
11
copper family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
1064.18 °C
2856 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
CAS7440-57-5
Neighborhood Elements of Gold
Tantalum
73
Ta
180.9479
Solid
Gray
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
6
d
[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
3017 °C
5458 °C
2, 8, 18, 32, 11, 2
CAS7440-25-7
Neighborhood Elements of Tantalum

History

History
The element Gold was discovered by Middle East in year 2500 BC in unknown place. Gold derived its name from from English word (aurum in Latin)
The element Tantalum was discovered by Anders Gustaf Ekeberg in year 1802 in Sweden. Tantalum derived its name derived its name from from King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
6×10-8%
1×10-7%
1.7e-07
3.1×10-7%
5×10-9%
1e-07
8×10-9%
N/A
2×10-6%
1.7e-06
2×10-10%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

174 pm
10.205520725389 cm3
144 pm
166 pm
98.7
gold Spectrum
407.82, 407.82, 407.82 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

gold Crystal Structure
200 pm
10.867741741742 cm3
138 pm
N/A
20.5
tantalum Spectrum
330.13, 330.13, 330.13 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

tantalum Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
79
79
79
196.96655
117.96655
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 1
[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s1
5d10 6s1
-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;5
2S1/2
gold Shells
73
73
73
180.9479
107.9479
2, 8, 18, 32, 11, 2
[Xe] 4f14 5d3 6s2
5d3 6s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
tantalum Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
197Au.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
181Ta.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

5
2.54
222.8 kJ/mol
890.1, 1980 kJ/mol
5
1.5
31 kJ/mol
761, 1.5×103 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

19.3 g/cm3
10.205520725389

 

78 GPa
27 GPa
220 GPa
0.44


 

2.5 MPa
216 MPa
2450 MPa

 

4.5×107 S/m
2.2×10-8 m Ω
N/A

 

320 W/(m K)
0.0000142 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.78×10-9
-3.51×10-10
-3.44e-05

 

N/A

 

1740 m/s
16.65 g/cm3
10.867741741742

 

186 GPa
69 GPa
200 GPa
0.34


 

6.5 MPa
873 MPa
800 MPa

 

7.7×106 S/m
1.3×10-7 m Ω
4.47

 

57 W/(m K)
6.3×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
1.07×10-8
1.936×10-9
0.0001782

 

N/A

 

3.4×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

1064.18 °C
2856 °C
N/A
N/A

 

12.5 kJ/mol
330 kJ/mol
N/A
3017 °C
5458 °C
N/A
4.47

 

36 kJ/mol
735 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-57-5
RTECSMD5070000
N/A
N/A
N/A
0
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-25-7
RTECSWW5505000
4.1
3089
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A

Compare With Other Elements

Elements of the Same Group
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