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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Yttrium

Compare Germanium and Yttrium

Compare Germanium and Yttrium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Yttrium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs Y on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Yttrium
39
Y
88.90585
Solid
Silver
transition metal
3
scandium family 
5
d
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
1526 °C
3345 °C
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
CAS7440-65-5
Neighborhood Elements of Yttrium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Yttrium was discovered by Johan Gadolin in year 1794 in Finland. Yttrium derived its name derived its name from from Ytterby, Sweden

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
7×10-7%
1×10-6%
1.9e-06
2.9e-05
1.3×10-9%
N/A

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
212 pm
19.880556797853 cm3
162 pm
N/A
1.28
yttrium Spectrum
364.74, 364.74, 573.06 pm
π/2, π/2, 2 π/3
P63/mmc
194

Simple Hexagonal

yttrium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
39
39
39
88.90585
49.90585
2, 8, 18, 9, 2
[Kr] 4d1 5s2
4d1 5s2
 1;2;3
2D3/2
yttrium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
89Y.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
3
1.22
29.6 kJ/mol
600, 1180, 1980, 5847, 7430, 8970, 11190, 12450, 14110, 1.84×104 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
4.472 g/cm3
19.880556797853

 

64 GPa
26 GPa
41 GPa
0.24


 

N/A
N/A
589 MPa

 

1.8×106 S/m
5.6×10-7 m Ω
1.3

 

17 W/(m K)
0.0000106 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.66×10-8
5.921×10-9
0.0002978

 

N/A

 

3.3×103 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1526 °C
3345 °C
N/A
1.3

 

11.4 kJ/mol
380 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-65-5
RTECSZG2980000
4.1
3089
N/A
2
N/A
N/A
N/A

 

N/A
N/A