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Periodic Table Element Comparison: Compare Elements - Germanium vs Vanadium

Compare Germanium and Vanadium

Compare Germanium and Vanadium on the basis of their properties, attributes and periodic table facts. Compare elements on more than 90 properties. All the elements of similar categories show a lot of similarities and differences in their chemical, atomic, physical properties and uses. These similarities and dissimilarities should be known while we study periodic table elements. You can study the detailed comparison between Germanium vs Vanadium with most reliable information about their properties, attributes, facts, uses etc. You can compare Ge vs V on more than 90 properties like electronegativity , oxidation state, atomic shells, orbital structure, Electronaffinity, physical states, electrical conductivity and many more.

Facts

Germanium
32
Ge
72.64
Solid
Gray
metalloid
14
carbon family 
4
p
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
938.3 °C
2820 °C
2, 8, 18, 4
CAS7440-56-4
Neighborhood Elements of Germanium
Vanadium
23
V
50.9415
Solid
Silver
transition metal
5
vanadium family 
4
d
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
1910 °C
3407 °C
2, 8, 11, 2
CAS7440-62-2
Neighborhood Elements of Vanadium

History

History
The element Germanium was discovered by Clemens Winkler in year 1886 in Germany. Germanium derived its name from from Germania, the Latin name for Germany
The element Vanadium was discovered by Andrés Manuel del Río in year 1801 in Mexico and Sweden. Vanadium derived its name derived its name from from Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja

Presence: Abundance in Nature and Around Us

Ppb by weight (1ppb =10^-7 %)
2e-07
2e-07
2.1e-05
1.4e-06
6×10-9%
N/A
1e-06
4e-07
6.1e-05
0.00019
1.5×10-7%
3×10-6%

Crystal Structure and Atomic Structure

125 pm
13.646439977456 cm3
122 pm
N/A
2.2
germanium Spectrum
565.75, 565.75, 565.75 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Fm_ 3m
225

Face Centered Cubic

germanium Crystal Structure
171 pm
8.3373977086743 cm3
125 pm
N/A
5.06
vanadium Spectrum
303, 303, 303 pm
π/2, π/2, π/2
Im_ 3m
229

Body Centered Cubic

vanadium Crystal Structure

Atomic and Orbital Properties

Atomic Number
Number of Electrons (with no charge)
Number of Protons
Mass Number
Number of Neutrons
Shell structure (Electrons per energy level)
Electron Configuration
Valence Electrons
Oxidation State
Atomic Term Symbol (Quantum Numbers)
Shell structure
32
32
32
72.64
40.64
2, 8, 18, 4
[Ar] 3d10 4s2 4p2
4s2 4p2
-4;-3;-2;-1  1;2;3;4
3P0
germanium Shells
23
23
23
50.9415
27.9415
2, 8, 11, 2
[Ar] 3d3 4s2
3d3 4s2
-3;-1  1;2;3;4;5
4F3/2
vanadium Shells

Isotopes - Nuclear Properties

Isotopes
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
70Ge, 72Ge, 73Ge, 74Ge.
Naturally occurring stable isotopes:
51V.

Chemical Properties: Ionization Energies and electron affinity

4
2.01
119 kJ/mol
762, 1537.5, 3302.1, 4411, 9020 kJ/mol
5
1.63
50.6 kJ/mol
650.9, 1414, 2830, 4507, 6298.7, 12363, 14530, 16730, 19860, 22240, 24670, 29730, 32446, 86450, 94170, 1.023×105, 1.127×105, 1.216×105, 1.307×105, 1.434×105, 151440 kJ/mol

Physical Properties

5.323 g/cm3
13.646439977456

 

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A


 

6 MPa
N/A
N/A

 

2×103 S/m
0.0005 m Ω
N/A

 

60 W/(m K)
6×10-6 K-1

 

Diamagnetic
N/A
-1.5×10-9
-1.09×10-10
-7.98×10-6

 

N/A

 

5.4×103 m/s
6.11 g/cm3
8.3373977086743

 

128 GPa
47 GPa
160 GPa
0.37


 

7 MPa
628 MPa
628 MPa

 

5×106 S/m
2×10-7 m Ω
5.4

 

31 W/(m K)
8.4×10-6 K-1

 

Paramagnetic
N/A
6.28×10-8
3.199×10-9
0.0003837

 

N/A

 

4560 m/s

Thermal Properties - Enthalpies and thermodynamics

938.3 °C
2820 °C
N/A
N/A

 

31.8 kJ/mol
334 kJ/mol
-536 J/(kg K)
1910 °C
3407 °C
N/A
5.4

 

22.8 kJ/mol
453 kJ/mol
N/A

Regulatory and Health - Health and Safety Parameters and Guidelines

CAS7440-56-4
RTECSLY5200000
4.1
3089
N/A
0
N/A
1
0

 

N/A
N/A
CAS7440-62-2
N/A
4.1
3089
N/A
1
N/A
2
0

 

N/A
N/A